Antisemitic inscription at the entrance of the library in the Deutsches Museum in Munich. "Juden Zutritt verboten!" ("Jews are not allowed to enter!") (The photo was taken in January 1935.)
3. EXCLUSION | PERSECUTION | GENOCIDE 3.1 The Nazis Come to Power | 3.2 Life Changes for the Jews in Germany | 3.3 Ghettos | 3.4 Mass Shootings and Camps | 3.5 Guilt, Responsibility and Punishment
This exercise contains a list of laws and regulations implemented by the Nazis which demonstrate some of the key steps taken in their antisemitic agenda. By the end of this activity you will have gained a greater awareness of the necessity to protect and uphold democratic values and human rights. You will also have reflected on how subtle changes in society can lead to indifference to the suffering of others and horrific consequences.
Soon after their takeover, the Nazis started to pass laws and regulations that made life increasingly difficult for Germany’s Jews. These had started to appear as early as 1933 and, within a couple of years, hundreds of such laws had been introduced. The list below shows some examples.
3.2.a Think of a Jewish newspaper editor, a student, a nurse and a shop owner. How were the lives of these people affected by the new laws and regulations? Which applied to some of them and which applied to all Jews in Germany?
3.2.b What do you think the Nazis were hoping it would all lead to?
3.2.c Pick five laws that you think affected the daily life of German Jews the most. Justify your choices.